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There are not many political leaders who would step down from power and settle on a kibbutz in the middle of the barren Negev. But then, most leaders aren’t David Ben Gurion. Nor was his modest retirement the only thing that set the first Israeli prime minister apart from those who followed (and we’re not even talking about his fondness for yoga!).

While Ben Gurion has become a mythical figure – famed as a bold revolutionary and an idealistic founder – not everything about him was as it seemed, including his name and his ideas.

That’s why, this week on History of Israel Explained, we’re counting down 10 essential facts about Ben Gurion and bringing you the truth about the man with the crazy white hair who led Israel to independence.